One of the 31 Mexican states is Zacatecas. It is divided into 56 municipalities, and its capital is Zacatecas City.
Zacatecas is in North-Central Mexico. It borders the states of Durango and Coahuila to its northwest, Coahuila and Nuevo Leon to its east, San Luis Potosi to the west, Nayarit and Nuevo Leon in the east, Jalisco, Guanajuato, and Aguascalientes towards the south. It is most well-known for its rich silver deposits and other mineral, as well as its colonial architecture which was a key part of the Mexican Revolution. Its primary economic activities include mining and agriculture.
Zacatecas, located in central Mexico's north, is the tenth largest state. It covers 75,284km2 and borders the states Nayarit and Jalisco.
The state's average elevation is 2230 meters above sealevel, with its capital at 2,496 masl. It is located in the Sierra Madre Occidental, with rugged peaks that rise to more than 2,500m above sea level. Although the mountains in the northeast and southeast are lower, there are large valleys like the Juchipila or Tlaltenango. The majority of the territory is flat, with only small mesas. The Sierra de Fresnillo is a small mountain chain in the middle of the state, which is where most of the state's minerals wealth is found. The Sierra de Sombrerete is another mountain chain that is important in the northwest. It is marked by the mountain Sombreretillo. This mountain is a significant source of mineral wealth. Another mountain chain, the Sierra de Organos, is located near this one.
In Zacatecas's early years, both Indigenous and Castilian languages were used. Families grew as all the groups settled down. They used their collective or acquired wealth to buy plots in the mines. While tending to their blood relatives and abandoned children, Indigenous women also owned plots.
The Mercado Gonzalez Ortega is located in front of the plaza. This was the main market during the 19 th centuries. There are many shops selling local wines, clothing, and books. A visitors' booth will be available at the main entrance, offering advice and maps. The Tacuba side has a fantastic view of the street below. The Acropolis Cafe offers light breakfast and coffee.
Continue west along Tacuba, or, if you want to cross the Plazuela Goritia continue west on Avenida Hidalgo -- you'll find the Cathedral Basilica of Zacatecas.
The current cathedral was built in stages over the 18 th and early-19 th centuries, with donations from various mine owners.
Continue north along the inclined passageway De Veyna and then turn left. One of my favourite landmarks is the Parroquia de Santo Domingo. It was built in late 1740s. After the expulsion of Jesuits in 1767, it is now a Dominican convent and church. The Museo Pedro Coronel is located next to the church and houses a collection of arts.
You will walk 9 minutes inclinedly from Santo Domingo to reach Mina El Eden, a museum-mine that was founded in the 1500s. It has been operating well into the 20 century. To get to Del Grillo, take Aquiles Serdan. Take a right from there to find Mina El Eden. There is also a small shop that sells drinks if you feel thirsty.
If they are not visible, you can look for them at the Teleferico. You will find a few vendors selling products along the path. The last shop selling Zacatecan mezcal is my favorite. Locals claim it is the best.
The municipality of Mazapil is the largest by area. It spans 12,143.26km 2 (4.688.54 sq mi). Vetagrande, at 160.36km 2 (61.92 square mi), is the smallest. Two new municipalities were created from Guadalupe's 2000 creation, Trancoso and Santa Maria de la Paz in 2005.
Zacatecas currently accounts for 21 per cent of Mexico's current gold production and 53.2 per cent of its silver. Mexico is home to two of the most important silver mines in the country, which makes it the largest producer of silver worldwide. It also has 17 percent of the global silver output. The Mina El Eden is a major tourist attraction in the city.
However, Zacatecas has seen bloody turf fights between Sinaloa and the Jalisco drug cartels. According to the Department of Justice, the Jalisco cartel is "one of five most dangerous transnational criminal organisations in the world."
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